The Babcock Family - The First Five Generations

Our Babcock line is traced back to the immigrant ancestor James Badcock, who was born in 1612, probably in Essex County, England. James was admitted an inhabitant of the towne of Portsmouth, Rhode Island on February 25, 1642. At that time no one was allowed to "build or plant" without first having been voted at town meeting an inhabitant. Later that year on October 5, 1642, James Badcock and Richard Moris were ordered "to look up all the armes in the Towne within the month above writ," and "to mend any which were defective for use." Owners were to forfeit five shillings if they failed to bring the arms in time. At the same meeting James was allotted ten acres of land "at the first brooke, next the footpath eastward." He was allotted four more acres in 1648, and was made a freeman of the town. He served on various committees, was a juryman on five different occasions and was a member of the General Court of Commissioners of Rhode Island for Portsmouth in 1657, 1658 and 1659.

James moved to Misquamicut, Rhode Island in 1662. This tract of land which was approximately twenty miles by ten miles in size was purchased from the Indian chief Sosoa in 1660. There would be battles with both the Massachusetts Bay Colony and Connecticut for many years to come over the ownership of the area, which soon became known as Westerly. Five generations of our Babcocks would be born in Westerly.

James was married to Sarah Brown and had four children, James, John, Job and Mary. Sarah died in 1665, and James married a second wife, Elizabeth, who had three more children, Joseph, Nathaniel and Elizabeth. We trace our line through the second son, John, who was born in 1644 in Portsmouth.

Will and Inventory of James Badcocke

The last Will and Testament of James Badcocke Sen'r as he verbelly declared before us Under written.
Imp he willed and bequeathed unto his Son Job Badcocke all his Smith tooles of what sort of Kind Soever that he dyed posesed of:
2ly he Bequeathed one cow to be delivered unto his daughter Mary Champlin by his Administratrix hereafter mentioned with in convenient time after his decease.
3ly he bequeathed a Cow Calfe to William Champline Eldest daughter to be delivered as above said.
4ly he Bequeathed unto his Sonn Joseph all his housing and lands for him the said Joseph Badcocke to take posesion when he shall attained to the age of twenty one years.
5ly he Willed and declared that all the Remaining part of his Estate besides what he hath herein Bequeathed, he did give to his loveing wife, Elizabeth Badcocke for the Maintenance and bringing up of the three children he had by his said wife and for her and her heires and asignes forever.
Lastly of this his Will he declared that his loveing wife Elizabeth Badcocke should be the Administratrix to this his last Will and Testament.
This Testator dyed the 12th of June 1679.

John Badcocke and Job Badcocke personally appeared before the Governor and Court, and being Solemnly Engajed Testefyed to the truth of what is above subscribed to Them: Taken at a Court Held at Westerly the 17th of September 1679 in the King's Province.

As Attests John Sanford,
The Above written are True Copys of the Origonall entred and Recorded the 8th of December 1680 pr John Sanford Recorder.
An Inventory of the Estate of James Badcocke Sen'r Deceased in June last in Stoning Towne without any written Will leaving a Widow with three children the Eldist a Sonn about nine year old.

L. s. d.

Imp. house & Land about twenty Acres.................................. 30 00 00
A Bellows, Anvill, Vise & other Smiths tooles......................... 05 00 00
A 2 Cowes 2 yearlings & 2 Calves........................................... 11 00 00
A 7 small Swine, 1 bed & bedstead with beding....................... 07 00 00
A 1 small bed & beding lb 5s., 2 chests 10s........................... 00 15 00
A churn, pailes & tubbs & other vessels.................................. 00 10 00
A Iron pot, Scillitt, pan, tramills, smuin Iron, spitt & slice....... 02 00 00
A 3 spining wheels, 12 axes, spade & old Iron ho.................... 00 02 00
A handsaw, drawing Knife, Reaping hooks, 2 botles, 1 hamer.. 00 05 00
A puter & tin one brass skillit, 2 sives....................................... 00 04 00
A 1 paire of Cards with some wool & flax & yarne.................... 00 05 00
A chaires, cradle with other lumber........................................... 00 10 00

Sum Totall..................................................................................61 01 00

This Inventory was Taken This 5th of July 1679 by us


This above written Inventory was by the subscribers James Pendleton and Thomas Wells, in open Court on their Sollemn Engagements Testefied to be a true Inventory to the best of their Knowlidge and this was Testefied in the Court held at Westerly in the King's province, the 17th of September 1679 as Attests JOHN SANFORD, Secretary

The above written at True Copys of the origonall Entered and Recorded the 8th of December pr John Sanford, Recorder.

Secretary of State's Office, Providence, March 12th, 1868

I certify the above to be true copies of the will & inventory of James Badcock Sen'r - taken from the book of Land Records in this office.
JOHN R. BARTLETT, Secretary of State (for Rhode Island)


The family name was spelled Badcock and Badcocke in public documents up until this time. When James Badcocke's son John died six years later in 1685, his name was spelled with a B.


John Babcock married Mary Lawton, the daughter of George and Elizabeth Hazard Lawton of Portsmouth, Rhode Island in 1662. They had ten children, James, Ann, Mary, John, Job, Elihu, Robert, Joseph, and Oliver. We are descended from John who was born in 1669.

John was a prominent member of the Westerly community. In 1669 he was granted the twenty seventh lot in the town, on the banks of the Pawcatuck River in what is now the town of Avondale. When the Babcock Genealogy was written in 1903. there were still Babcock descendants living on the same piece of property where John and Mary's house had stood.

"About that time King Philip's War broke out, and the treachery and cruelty of the Indians was such that most of the pioneers of Westerly were obliged to flee from their homes and take refuge on the island of Rhode Island. No delegate from the town appears in the General Assembly for five years."

Evidently John and his family were among the few inhabitants who stayed in their home in Westerly, and sought protection from the neighboring towns across the river in Connecticut. In the History of Stonington, he is listed as being a member of the Connecticut volunteers in King Philip's War who received bounty land from the Colony.
"After King Philip's War was over, and the white settlers of Westerly had returned to their homes, the Colony of Rhode Island must have resumed its jurisdiction over Westerly, for John Badcock was elected by the General Courth of Rhode Island, Conservator of the Peace for Westerly, June 12, 1678." He served as Deputy from Westerly to the Colonial Legislature in 1682 and 1684.

John died intestate and a will disposing of his estate was made by the Town Council, June 25, 1685. The inventory of his property dated June 4, 1685 totaled 790 pounds and was the largest recorded in the town for many years.
The numbers of livestock, forty three steers, thirty three cows, fifty two horses, one hundred sheep and fifty lambs are unusually large for this time in New England.

The most unusual entry appears near the end of the inventory: one negger boy valued at 20 pounds, and two Injin men and Indian garls valued at 30 pounds - the first slaves I have found in my genealogical research.


Captain John Babcock, son of John and Mary Lawton Babcock was born in Westerly in 1669. He was admitted a freeman February 13, 1689 and died there March 28, 1746. He married his first cousin Mary Champlin, the daughter of William and Mary Babcock Champlin. They lived about two miles east of the Pawcatuck Bridge in Westerly on what was called the Post Road in 1903. Their house was later used as a hotel by Sylvester Gavitt.

John served the community in many ways: as a surveyor (1691), fence viewer (1695), tax assessor (1797-99), Town Councilman (1699), Town Clerk (1700), (1706 - 1732, Probate Clerk (1700-1701), and Justice of the Peace (1730-1737). He was Captain of Militia for the years: 1709, 1711, 1715, 1718, 1719, 1720, 1721 and 1723. He served as Deputy for the town of Westerly in the General Assembly in the years 1695, 1702, 1713, 1715, 1717, 1718, 1720, 1723, 1724, 1725, and 1726

The Babcocks had seven children, John, Ichabod, Stephen, William, Amy, Mary and Ann. John and Ann died young, but the other children were all mentioned in their father's will.


Stephen Babcock, our ancestor, was born in Westerly on May 2, 1706. He married Anna Thompson, the daughter of Isaac and Mary Holmes Thompson on October 12, 1726, and died December 22, 1775.

Stephen was made a freeman of Westerly in February 1729. He served as the Justice of the Peace from 1735 to 1738, and is often referred to as Justice Stephen Babcock. He and his wife were members of the first Congregational Church in Stonington, Connecticut before becoming members of Elder Parks Presbyterian church on May 5, 1742, where he served as a deacon.

In 1750 a religious sect known as the New Lights sprang up in the Westerly area. Stephen was one of the founders of the group and was ordained its first pastor. The church continued in Westerly well into the next century. The church built during Stephen's leadership is still called the Babcock Meetinghouse, since its first four pastors were Babcocks. His son, Oliver, our ancestor, succeeded him as pastor at his death in 1775.

Stephen and Anna had ten children: John (1727), Anna (1729), Mary (1730), Lucy (1732), Lucretia (1734), Stephen (1736), Oliver (1738), Amey (1740), Thankful (1747), and Thankful (1750).

Anna's families the Thompsons and the Holmes, lived in the Westerly area, but they were descended from families that had settled in Brookhaven, Long Island, across the Long Island Sound from Rhode Island.


Our ancestor Oliver Babcock was born July 27, 1738 in Westerly. Oliver was married to Sylvia Belcher, the daughter of Arnold Belcher and Elizabeth Champlin Belcher on July 2, 1761 by Joseph Crandal, Justice of the Peace in Westerly. Sylvia was Oliver's third cousin through his Champlin line. The Babcocks had eight children: John (1762), Elizabeth (1764), Arnold (1765), Joshua (1771), Jason (1774), Stephen (1777) Oliver (1780), and Anna (1782).

Oliver was ordained September 18, 1776, succeeding his father as pastor of the Hill Church. He ran the church during the difficult years of the Revolution and kept that post until his death on February 13, 1784. His widow, known for her piety and zeal and called Elder Sylvia, took over the running of the church until a successor could be named. She supplied the pulpit and cared for the church which often met in her house until her husband's cousin Elkanah Babcock was named to the post. He was followed by another cousin Jesse Babcock. This led to the church being called the Babcock Church.

The Heartt family traces its origins in this country to an ancestor Dennis Hart, who married Mary Smith on March 28, 1689 in Huntington, Suffolk County (Long Island), New York. Their grandson, Nehemiah Heartt was born April 19, 1717 in Rhode Island Huntington and married Mercy Lewis, the daughter of Daniel and Mary Lewis on January 24, 1744 in Huntington. Nehemiah and Mercy's first child, Nehemiah was born on October 27, 1745. He and his wife, Mary Brewster are the parents of our ancestor Anna Heartt who married Oliver Babcock.

Nehemiah Heartt, Senior served in the First Suffolk County Regiment of Minutemen under Colonel Josiah Smith in 1776. He died in Huntington, Suffolk, New York on November 20, 1796.

The Brewsters were among the original settlers of Brookhaven, Suffolk County, New York, and were also ancestors of Oliver Babcock, making Oliver and Anna Heartt third cousins once removed.

             ┌── Henry Oliver BABCOCK, b. 1822, d. 1879 pg 45
         ┌── Guilford Carlile BABCOCK, b. 1874, d. 1945 pg 25
         │ └── Mary Elizabeth HOUSER, b. 1831, d. 1911 pg 69
     ┌── Guilford Carlile BABCOCK Jr, b. 1899, d. 1955 pg 11
     │ │ ┌── Percival Gates KELSEY M.D, b. 1841, d. 1921 pg 49
     │ └── Alida May KELSEY, b. 1874, d. 1957 pg 31
     │ └── Alida Livingston STURGIS, b. 1846, d. 1929 pg 53
Guilford Carlile BABCOCK III, b. 1931 pg 1
     │ ┌── William BECK (Immigrant), b. 1819, d. 1884 pg 55
     │ ┌── Theodore Lewis BECK, b. 1861, d. 1927 pg 37
     │ │ └── Anne Elizabeth CORNELIUS, b. 1824, d. 1908 pg 79
     └── Dorothy BECK, b. 1897, d. 1982 pg 19
         │ ┌── John Burkhart SCOTT, b. 1832, d. 1893 pg 59
         └── Cora SCOTT, b. 1865, d. 1913 pg 59
             └── Cora Augusta MARTIN, b. 1838, d. 1918 pg 43